G protein-coupled receptors constitute a large family of homologous transmembrane proteins that represents one of the most important classes of confirmed drug targets. For novel drug discovery, the 3D structure of target protein is indispensable. To construct hypothetical 3D structures of G protein-coupled receptors, several prediction methods have been proposed. But none of the them has confirmed a correct ligand binding site. In this study we constructed the 3D structure of bovine rhodopsin using the prediction method proposed by Donnelly et al., with some modification. We found that our 3D model showed a good agreement with the reported retinal binding site. Using the similar method, we constructed the 3D structure of the P2Y1 receptor; one of the G protein-coupled receptors, and showed a binding site of an endogenous ligand, ADP, on the basis of the 3D model and in vitro experimental data. These results should be valuable for design of a specific antagonist for P2Y1 receptor.
- Fourier transform
- P2Y receptor
- Protein modeling
- Secondary structure prediction
ASJC Scopus subject areas