Originally, uptake-mediated termination of monoamine (e.g., serotonin and dopamine) signalling was believed to only occur via high-affinity, low-capacity transporters (“uptake1”) such as the serotonin or dopamine transporters, respectively. Now, the important contribution of a second low-affinity, high-capacity class of biogenic amine transporters has been recognised, particularly in circumstances when uptake1 transporter function is reduced (e.g., antidepressant treatment). Pharmacologic or genetic reductions in uptake1 function can change locomotor, anxiety-like or stress-coping behaviours. Comparable behavioural investigations into reduced low-affinity, high-capacity transporter function are lacking, in part, due to a current dearth of drugs that selectively target particular low-affinity, high-capacity transporters, such as the plasma membrane monoamine transporter. Therefore, the most direct approach involves constitutive genetic knockout of these transporters. Other groups have reported that knockout of the low-affinity, high-capacity organic cation transporters 2 or 3 alters anxiety-like and stress-coping behaviours, but none have assessed behaviours in plasma membrane monoamine transporter knockout mice. Here, we evaluated adult male and female plasma membrane monoamine transporter wild-type, heterozygous and knockout mice in locomotor, anxiety-like and stress-coping behavioural tests. A mild enhancement of anxiety-related behaviour was noted in heterozygous mice. Active-coping behaviour was modestly and selectively increased in female knockout mice. These subtle behavioural changes support a supplemental role of plasma membrane monoamine transporter in serotonin and dopamine uptake, and suggest sex differences in transporter function should be examined more closely in future investigations.
- knockout mice
- plasma membrane monoamine transporter
ASJC Scopus subject areas