The 8p11 myeloproliferative syndrome is a rare, aggressive condition associated with reciprocal translocations of chromosome band 8p11, most commonly the t(8;13)(p11;q12). To identify the genes involved in this translocation, we used fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis to show that the chromosome 8 breakpoints fell within YAC 899e2 and that the chromosome 13 breakpoints are clustered in a region flanked by YACs 929f11 and 911h8. FISH using chromosome 13 PAC clones indicated that the t(8;13) is not simply a reciprocal translocation but also involves an inversion of 13q11-12. Exon trapping of a PAC that spanned the chromosome 13 translocation breakpoints led to the identification of a gene, ZNF198, that detected rearranged bands when used as a probe against Southern blots of patient DNA. Conceptual translation of the full-length ZNF198 cDNA sequence predicts a protein of 1377 amino acids that shows significant homology to the DXS6673E/KIAA0385 and KIAA0425 proteins. Alignment of these three proteins revealed a novel, conserved Zn-finger-related motif (MYM domain) of the general form CX2C19-22CX3CX13-19CX2CX19-25FCX3CX3F/Y that is repeated five times in each protein. To identify the translocation partner gene on chromosome 8, 5' and 3' RACE polymerase chain reactions (PCRs) were performed on patient RNA with several combinations of ZNF198 primers. Clones were identified in which the ZNF198 was fused to exon 9 of the fibroblast growth factor receptor-1 (FGFR1), a gene known to map to 8p11. An identical ZNF198-FGFR1 fusion was detected in the three patients with a t(8;13) for whom RNA was available; reciprocal FGFR1-ZNF198 transcripts were not detected. Rearrangements of both ZNF198 and FGFR1 were found in two further patients by Southern blotting. ZNF198-FGFR1 includes the five MYM domains of ZNF198 and the intracellular tyrosine kinase domain of FGFR1. We hypothesize that this fusion leads to constitutive activation of the FGFR1 tyrosine kinase in a manner analogous to the activation of ABL by BCR in chronic myeloid leukemia.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology