Consensus on an implicit bias and health disparities curriculum in neonatal medicine: a Delphi study

Stephanie C. Mavis, Catherine G. Caruso, Cara Beth Carr, Nicolle F. Dyess, Heather French, Rita Dadiz, Margarita Vasquez, Lindsay Johnston, Maria Gillam-Krakauer, Patricia Chess, Susan Izatt, Allison H. Payne, Melissa M. Carbajal, Elizabeth M. Bonachea, Megan M. Gray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objective: Despite longstanding and recurrent calls for effective implicit bias (IB) education in health professions education as one mechanism to reduce ongoing racism and health disparities, such curricula for neonatal-perinatal medicine (NPM) are limited. We aim to determine the key curricular elements for educating NPM fellows, advanced practice providers, and attending physicians in the critical topics of IB and health disparities. Study design: A modified Delphi study was performed with content experts in IB and health disparities who had educational relationships to those working and training in the neonatal intensive care unit. Result: Three Delphi rounds were conducted from May to November 2021. Experts reached consensus on a variety of items for inclusion in the curriculum, including educational goals, learning objectives, teaching strategies, and educator principles. Conclusion: Essential curricular components of an IB and health disparities curriculum for neonatal medicine were defined using rigorous consensus building methodology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1519-1526
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Perinatology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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