Rhodanese is oxidatively inactivated by several reagents, some of which are not normally considered oxidants. Rhodanese, in a form not containing persulfide sulfur (E), was inactivated by phenylglyoxal under conditions where disulfides are formed. There was the concomitant increase in the fluorescence of the apolar probe 1,1'-bi(4-anilino)naphthalene-5,5'-disulfonic acid (bisANS). At 0.2 mg/ml protein, there was no turbidity, while at 1 mg/ml, turbidity formed after an induction period of 23 min. Phenylglyoxal-inactivated E was extensively digested by endoproteinase glutamate C (V8 protease) to give two discrete high molecular weight fragments (Mr = 29,500 and 16,000). Enzymatically active E or ES, the form of rhodanese containing transferred sulfur (Mr = 33,000) was totally refractory to V8 protease and gave only small fluorescent enhancement of bisANS. Phenylglyoxal inactivated ES (reaction at arginine) gave very little fluorescence enhancement of bisANS and was not digested by V8. Hydrogen peroxide rapidly inactivated E (t1/2 less than 2 min) giving a slow increase in bisANS fluorescence (t1/2 greater than 10 min) identical to that observed with phenylglyoxal. The turbidity also increased after an induction period of approximately 30 min. Inactivation of E by hydrogen peroxide gave the same digestion pattern as that observed with phenylglyoxal inactivation. The turbidity was associated with the formation of disulfide-bonded structures that formed with the stoichiometry of E, 2E, 4E, 6E, 8E, etc. relative to the native enzyme, E. E was inactivated with several other reagents that lead to oxidatively inactivated rhodanese including NADH, dithiothreitol, mercaptoethanol, and m-dinitrobenzene. Enzyme inactivated with dithiothreitol or NADH gave an identical digestion pattern as above. In addition, with the exception of NADH which could not be used due to optical interference, each of the reagents gave rise to increased fluorescence of bisANS after inactivation. The results are consistent with a model in which the oxidized rhodanese resulting from diverse treatments is in a new conformation that has extensive exposed apolar surfaces and can form both noncovalent and disulfide-bonded aggregates.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jun 25 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology