Concurrent quantification of cellular cholesterol, cholesteryl esters and triglycerides in small biological samples. Reevaluation of thin layer chromatography using laser densitometry

Reto Asmis, Ernst Bühler, Jennifer Jelk, K. Fred Gey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Absolute specificity and high accuracy is required for the quantitation of cholesterol, cholesteryl esters and triglycerides in small biological samples, particularly in a limited number of cells. Both can be achieved through thin-layer chromatography and molybdatophosphoric acid staining, while the shortcomings of traditional spot detection are overcome by laser densitometry. The major advantage of the proposed technique is the concurrent assay of nanogram quantities of cholesterol, cholesteryl esters and triglycerides. Our assay is at least ten-fold more sensitive than common thin-layer chromatography-based techniques and at least four-fold more sensitive than common enzymatic methods. The present low-cost assay is highly reproducible and maybe particularly suitable for the routine lipid analysis of a 10% aliquot of relatively small tissue and cell samples, equivalent, for instance, to ≤104 human monocytes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-66
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Applications
Volume691
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 28 1997

Keywords

  • Cholesterol
  • Cholesteryl esters
  • Fatty acids
  • Triglycerides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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