Components of adult Class II open-bite malocclusion

Edward Ellis, James A. McNamara, Timothy M. Lawrence

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


In an effort to identify the frequency and distribution of the dental and skeletal components of adult Class II malocclusion with and without open-bite, 124 adults, half of whom had an anterior open-bite, were evaluated. Significant differences (P < 0.05) between the open-bite and non-open-bite groups were found for the following measurements: the posterior maxilla exhibited vertical excess in the open-bite group; the maxillary occlusal plane was less steep in the open-bite group; the mandibular occlusal plane was more steep in the open-bite group; the gonial angle was higher in the open-bite group; the mandibular plane angle was higher in the open-bite group; the mandibular ramus was positioned in a more downward and backward (clockwise) location in the open-bite group; the total and lower anterior facial height were increased in the open-bite group; and the mandible was less protrusive in the open-bite group. No significant intergroup differences were noted in the cranial base, the anteroposterior position of the maxilla or of the upper and lower incisors, the palatal plane, posterior facial height, mandibular ramus height, or mandibular body length. The results of this analysis indicate that the average Class II open-bite malocclusion is characterized by aberrations in both the maxilla and the mandible. Therapy, therefore, may frequently require surgical intervention in both jaws to successfully correct this deformity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)92-105
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1985
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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