Streptolysin O-permeabilized pancreatic acini were used to study compartmentalization of Ca2+ signaling and Ca2+ pools. In these cells, the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-dependent Ca2+ channels could be activated by a number of agonists (carbachol, cholecystokinin, or bombesin) or by activation of the entire cellular phospholipase C pool with GTPγS. Surprisingly, each of the antagonists interacting with acinar cells inactivated the channels after stimulation with GTPγS. In addition, when permeabilized cells were stimulated with more than one agonist, any antagonist to the specific agonists employed inactivated the channels. The aberrant behavior of the antagonists in permeable cells was not related to a loss of specificity since (a) when added before GTPγS, the antagonists had no effect on Ca2+ release and (b) when cells were stimulated with a single agonist, the antagonists prevented only the effect of their specific agonist. The differential behavior of the antagonists in intact and permeable cells suggests a compartmentalization of Ca2+ signaling into separate, agonist- specific units that is modified by cell permeabilization. Further evidence for compartmentalization of signaling was obtained by showing that the partial agonist (the CCK octapeptide analogue JMV-180) can access and release only 50% of the cholecystokinin- or IP3-mobilizable Ca2+ pool in intact and permeable cells. Kinetic measurements revealed a multiphasic time course of agonist-evoked Ca2+ release in permeable cells. At high agonist concentrations, all phases were fast and merged into an apparent single event of Ca2+ release. The phases were separated by three independent protocols: reduction in agonist concentrations, addition of heparin, or addition of guanosine-5'-O-(thio)diphosphate. Since all protocols that caused phase separation reduce IP3-mediated Ca2+ release, these findings demonstrate heterogeneity in the affinity for IP3 of channels present in compartmentalized Ca2+ pools of the same cells. Compartmentalization of signaling and the heterogeneity in the affinity for IP3 resulted in a quantal agonist-evoked Ca2+ release. The overall findings are discussed in the context of an integrated model of compartmentalization of signaling complexes, Ca2+ pools, and IP3-activated Ca2+ channels.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 12 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology