Real-time coherent contrast imaging (CCI) echocardiography has the ability to evaluate wall motion and myocardial perfusion simultaneously, but its clinical applicability in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) remains to be determined. This study examines the level of agreement between real-time CCI echocardiography and thallium-201 single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) following stress vasodilation. Forty-two patients with known or suspected CAD underwent real-time CCI using octafluoropropane-filled microspheres infusion before and after dipyridamole and thallium-201 injections. The apical 4- and 2-chamber views were each divided into 6 segments to assess wall motion and perfusion. Real-time CCI and SPECT were interpreted independently. Thirty-eight patients successfully completed tests, and 4 had suboptimal contrast images. Each vascular territory was classified as normal or abnormal by CCI perfusion, wall motion, and SPECT at baseline and at stress. Of the 114 territories (3 in each of the 38 patients), 3 (3.5%) were not analyzed; however, all territories corresponding to the left anterior descending artery were suitable for analysis. Concordance between CCI echocardiography and thallium-201 SPECT perfusion for left anterior descending, left circumflex, and right coronary artery territories were 91%, 86%, and 69%, respectively; between CCI perfusion and wall motion, the correlations were 93%, 93%, and 91%, respectively. When CCI perfusion and wall motion analysis were combined, their concordance to thallium-201 SPECT uptake improved to 94%, 89%, and 79%, respectively. In conclusion, real-time CCI echocardiography agrees very closely with thallium-201 SPECT in assessing myocardial perfusion following vasodilatory stress. Assessment of myocardial perfusion, in addition to segmental wall motion analysis, during stress echocardiography may be a significant contribution to the noninvasive evaluation of patients with ischemic heart disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine