A new mouse monoclonal antibody (MoAb) 4E, which detects an epitope shared by HLA-B locus antigens, together with the MoAb W6/32, detecting a common HLA, B, C, determinant, and the MoAb 4B, detecting HLA-A2 and A28, were used to isolate HLA-A and -B antigens in sequential immunoprecipitation. The HLA antigens obtained from metabolically labeled cell extracts of B-lymphoblastoid cell lines or from phytohemagglutinin (PHA) activated peripheral blood lymphocytes were compared by one-dimensional isoelectric focusing (1D-IEF). The IEF banding patterns obtained with native HLA antigens segregated in a family with HLA. Neuraminidase treatment of isolated antigens reduced the number of bands to one or two, simplifying the analysis of characteristic patterns. Thus, we have cataloged IEF banding patterns for the majority of the serologically recognized HLA-A and -B allotypes obtained from 57 unrelated American Caucasians. While no HLA-A locus or HLA-B locus specific banding patterns were observed, the HLA-A antigens had, in general, slightly higher pl values than the HLA-B antigens. HLA-C antigens could not be detected in this assay system. The polymorphism detected by IEF banding patterns was as extensive as the serologically detected polymorphism identified by classical HLA serology. Moreover, variants for some HLA allotypes could be detected by this method. In addition to previously recognized A2 variants, new variants were identified for HLA-A1, A26, and Bw44. Each A1 and Bw44 variant was associated with particular haplotypes. The HLA-A2 antigens occurred on 43 HLA haplotypes in the unrelated Caucasian population. Only one of each A2 variants was identified in this population.
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