The cell-free protein synthesis by the postmitochondrial supernatant from chicken cerebrum was twofold greater than protein synthesis by the cerebellum or optic lobes. Ribosomal aggregation of mRNA and ribonuclease activity of the postmitochondrial supernatant from the three brain regions was not statistically different. The higher protein synthetic activity of the cerebral postmitochondrial supernatant was associated with both the postribosomal supernatant (cell sap) and microsomal fractions. Cerebral monomeric ribosomes were more active in polyuridylic acid directed polyphenylalanine synthesis than monomeric ribosomes from either the cerebellum or optic lobes. The ability of cerebral cell sap to support polyuridylic acid directed polyphenylalanine synthesis was 1.6 to 2 times greater than cell sap from the other two regions. Cell sap factors other than tRNAphe or phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetases appear to be responsible for the higher protein synthetic activity of the cbr cell sap.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience