Capsaicin (CAP) caused a time, concentration and Ca++ dependent increase in cyclic AMP accumulation in tissue slices from rat and guinea pig spinal cord. The CAP-induced increase occurred uniquely in slices from dorsal cord of both rat and guinea pig and the increase was significantly greater in dorsal cord slices from guinea pig vs rat spinal cord. CAP mediated release of substance P does not appear to mediate the CAP-induced increase in cyclic AMP accumulation since the increase in cyclic AMP is significantly less with substance P and the substance P antagonist [D-Pro2, D-Trp7,9]-substance P does not antagonize the CAP-induced increase. The CAP-induced increase in cyclic AMP accumulation appears to be a direct effect. Structural requirements for this effect are both the substituted aromatic and alkyl side chain portion of the CAP molecule. The present results suggest that CAP has the ability to interact with sites in dorsal spinal cord which are linked to the synthesis of cyclic AMP, which could modulate spinal processing of nociceptive information.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)