Comparison of bioactive glass to demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft in the treatment of intrabony defects around implants in the canine mandible

E. Ellen Hall, Roland M. Meffert, Joachim S. Hermann, James T. Mellonig, David L. Cochran

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69 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the healing of different bone grafting materials adjacent to titanium plasma-sprayed (TPS) endosseous dental implants. Methods: Implant osteotomy sites were prepared and standardized 3-walled intrabony defects (3 mm × 5 mm × 5 mm) were created at the mesial of each implant site. Thirty-two TPS implants were placed in edentulous mandibular ridges of the 4 dogs. Periodontal dressings were placed in the defect sites so as to create a defect simulating bone loss around an implant. After 3 months, the periodontal dressing was removed, the defect sites debrided and evaluated for size, and intra-marrow penetration performed. The graft materials tested were 1) canine demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft (cDFDBA); 2) bioactive glass granules of a broad size range 90 to 710 microns (BRG); and 3) bioactive glass granules of narrow size range 300 to 355 microns (NRG). One site on each side of the mandible was not filled and served as a control. Dogs were sacrificed 4 months after graft placement. Results: Histologically, differences in percent bone-to-implant contact in the defect area were observed between the treatment groups. cDFDBA>control=BRG=NRG with statistical significance found between cDFDBA and control (P= 0.0379), but no statistically significant difference between control or either bioactive glass material. When comparing percent bone height fill of the defect in the grafted area, cDFDBA (65.7%) was significantly better than the control (48.9%; P ≤ 0.05) with no statistically significant difference between control, broad range bioactive glass (57.3%) and narrow range bioactive glass (56.6%). When total bone area was measured, the percentage of new bone in the grafted area was cDFDBA (42.1%), broad range glass (33.1%) and narrow range glass (22.6%) with significance found between cDFDBA and NRG (P= 0.0102). The content of residual graft particles in soft tissue was significant (P = 0.0304) between cDFDBA (1.4%) and NRG (11.4%) with no significant difference between graft material for residual particle content in bone tissue. Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that percent bone-to-implant contact and percent bone height fill in an intrabony defect around titanium plasma-sprayed implants are statistically significantly higher with the use of DFDBA when compared to bioactive glass material.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)526-535
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of periodontology
Volume70
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 1999

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Keywords

  • Bone, demineralized
  • Bone, freeze-dried
  • Comparison studies
  • Dental implants/endosseous
  • Glass, bioactive
  • Grafts, bone
  • Titanium
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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