Doses of eight phenylethylamines were substituted for cocaine on a drug-maintained behavior baseline in baboons. Intravenous infusions of drug were contingent upon completion of 160 lever presses (a 160-response fixed-ratio schedule; FR 160). A 3-h time-out period followed each infusion, permitting a maximum of 8 infusions per day. Fenfluramine was the only drug that did not maintain self-infusion performance at any dose tested. d-amphetamine was approximately 10 times more potent than phentermine, phenmetrazine or diethylpropion, and 20 to 30 times more potent than methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA), clortermine or chlorphentermine, in maintaining self-infusion behavior. Some doses of d-amphetamine and phentermine produced a cyclic pattern of drug intake over days. Increasing selfinfused doses of all drugs produced a substantial suppression of concurrent food-maintained behavior. There was no clear relation between the potency of the phenylethylamines in maintaining self-infusion performance and the potency in suppressing food-maintained behavior which indicates that different mechanisms may underlie the two effects. Examination of chemical structures indicates that substitution on the phenyl ring may decrease the potency of phenylethylamines in maintaining self-infusion behavior.
- Drug self-administration
- Methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA)
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