OBJECTIVE. This study was conducted to assess the relative roles of 99mTc-sestamibi scintimammography and sonography in the evaluation of breast lesions that are indeterminate or suspicious on mammography or clinical examination. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Twenty-five patients with 33 biopsy-proven breast lesions underwent both scintimamography and sonography. Lesions were categorized as benign or requiting biopsy on the basis of the absence or presence of a focus of increased activity on scintimammography and the shape, orientation, and echogenicity of the lesion on sonography. RESULTS. Sensitivity and specificity in detecting breast cancer were 92% and 95%, respectively, for scintimammography and 100% and 48%, respectively, for sonography. The higher specificity of scintimammography was statistically significant (p<0.01). CONCLUSION. Although the overall accuracy of 99mTc- sestamibi scintimammography in the diagnosis of breast cancer was high, it has several disadvantages in comparison with sonography Scintimammography has a slightly higher false-negative rate for breast cancer, is unable to reveal cysts, is more expensive, takes longer to perform, and involves ionizing radiation. For these reasons, scintimammography with 99mTc-sestamibi is unlikely to either replace sonography or be frequently used in addition to sonography.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging