Comparative plaque removal efficacy of a dual-action power toothbrush and a manual tooth: Effects by tooth type

Svetlana Farrell, Geza T. Terézhalmy, Robert D. Bartizek, Aaron R. Biesbrock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the plaque removal efficacy of a dual action power toothbrush (Crest SpinBrush Pro Clean) relative to an ADA reference manual toothbrush. In addition to overall plaque removal, emphasis was put on plaque reduction around the gingival margin, interproximal areas of the tooth and in the posterior segment of the dentition. Methods: The study was a randomized, examiner-blind, two-treatment, four-period, crossover design. After an informed consent, 50 healthy volunteers were randomized to four treatment sequences and used each toothbrush twice according to their assigned treatment sequence. At every visit, plaque removal was assessed at baseline and after a single brushing using the Rustogi-modified Navy Plaque Index that allows estimation of interproximal plaque and plaque at the gingival margin. Self-reported and examiner-observed adverse events were collected at every visit. Mean Plaque Index (MPI) scores were calculated for the whole mouth, gingival region, interproximal region and different areas of the dentition using an analysis of covariance for crossover design with baseline plaque score as the covariate. Results: 49 subjects provided complete data and were included in the analysis. Baseline MPI scores were not significantly different between the groups for any investigated tooth region or dentition area. Following a single brushing, the power toothbrush provided a reduction of 43% (P<0.001) for the whole mouth MPI, 43% (P<0.001) for the gingival margin MPI and 65% (P<0.001) for the interproximal MPI relative to a manual brush. Use of the power toothbrush resulted in a significant reduction of whole-mouth and gingival margin MPI across all areas of the dentition compared to a manual toothbrush (P<0.001). The power toothbrush also had superior interproximal plaque removal efficacy compared to the manual toothbrush for molars (P<0.001, with 118% greater removal score). Both brushes were well tolerated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-200
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of dentistry
Volume19
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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