Comparative phosphoproteomic analysis under high-nitrogen fertilizer reveals central phosphoproteins promoting wheat grain starch and protein synthesis

Shoumin Zhen, Xiong Deng, Ming Zhang, Gengrui Zhu, Dongwen Lv, Yaping Wang, Dong Zhu, Yueming Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nitrogen (N) is a macronutrient important for plant growth and development. It also strongly influences starch and protein synthesis, closely related to grain yield and quality. We performed the first comparative phosphoproteomic analysis of developing wheat grains in response to high-N fertilizer. Physiological and biochemical analyses showed that application of high-N fertilizer resulted in significant increases in leaf length and area, chlorophyll content, the activity of key enzymes in leaves such as nitrate reductase (NR), and in grains such as sucrose phosphate synthase (SPS), sucrose synthase (SuSy), and ADPglucose pyrophosphorylase (AGPase). This enhanced enzyme activity led to significant improvements in starch content, grain yield, and ultimately, bread making quality. Comparative phosphoproteomic analysis of developing grains under the application of high-N fertilizer performed 15 and 25 days post-anthesis identified 2470 phosphosites among 1372 phosphoproteins, of which 411 unique proteins displayed significant changes in phosphorylation level (>2-fold or <0.5-fold). These phosphoproteins are involved mainly in signaling transduction, starch synthesis, energy metabolism. Pro-Q diamond staining and Western blotting confirmed our phosphoproteomic results. We propose a putative pathway to elucidate the important roles of the central phosphoproteins regulating grain starch and protein synthesis. Our results provide new insights into the molecular mechanisms of protein phosphorylation modifications involved in grain development, yield and quality formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number67
JournalFrontiers in Plant Science
Volume8
Issue numberJANUARY
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 30 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Breadmaking quality
  • Grain development
  • High nitrogen stress
  • Phosphoproteome
  • Starch biosynthesis
  • Triticum aestivum L.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

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