Species of the subgenus Bulinus s.s. occur in a polyploid series which is of interest because of the rarity of polyploidy in animal species and because there appears to be a relation between ploidy level and ability to transmit Schistosoma haematobium, a parasite of major public health importance. We describe a technique for the preparation of standard karyotypes using cell suspensions from colchicine-treated embryos. The results for two diploid species, B. tropicus (Krauss) and B. natalensis (Küster), are presented. Both karyotypes consist of 15 metacentric and 3 submetacentric chromosomes. However, differences in centromere position are found in four pairs of chromosomes, and in the appearance of a secondary constriction. Because B. natalensis may represent a relict taxon involved in the origin of the polyploids, the results of significance for future work on the phylogeny of this group.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Canadian journal of genetics and cytology. Journal canadien de génétique et de cytologie|
|State||Published - 1980|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Plant Science
- Cell Biology