Combinations of N-Acetyl-S-(N-2-phenethylthiocarbamoyl)-L-cysteine and myo-inositol inhibit tobacco carcinogen-induced lung adenocarcinoma in Mice

Fekadu Kassie, Ilze Matise, Mesfin Negia, David Lahti, Yunqian Pan, Robyn Scherber, Pramod Upadhyaya, Stephen S. Hecht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have previously generated convincing evidence that combinations of N-acetyl-S-(N-2- phenethylthiocarbamoyl)-L-cysteine (PEITC-NAC; 3 μmol/g diet) and myo-inositol (MI; 56 μmol/g diet) were significantly more effective than the individual compounds as inhibitors of tobacco smoke carcinogen-induced lung tumorigenesis in A/J mice. In this study, we further investigated the efficacy of combinations of PEITC-NAC (9 or 15 μmol/g diet) and MI (56 μmol/g diet). Female A/J mice were treated with a mixture of the tobacco smoke carcinogens 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone and benzo[a]pyrene by gavage once weekly for 8 weeks. PEITC-NAC plus MI was given in the diet beginning at 1 day after the 4th of eight carcinogen treatments (temporal sequence A) or 1 week after the last carcinogen treatment (temporal sequence B). Regardless of the dose of carcinogen or PEITC-NAC plus MI, or temporal sequence, administration of PEITC-NAC plus MI significantly reduced the multiplicity of gross tumors and, in most instances, adenocarcinoma. PEIT-CNAC plus MI was particularly effective against bigger tumors. The observed inhibition of lung tumorigenesis by PEITC-NAC plus MI was attributed, at least partly, to inhibition of cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis. These results clearly show the efficacy of PEITC-NAC plus MI in the prevention of tobacco carcinogen-induced lung adenocarcinoma in A/J mice and provide a basis for future evaluation of PEITC-NAC plus MI in clinical trials as a chemo-preventive agent for current and former smokers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-297
Number of pages13
JournalCancer Prevention Research
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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