Combination of empagliflozin and linagliptin as second-line therapy in subjects with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled on metformin

Ralph A. DeFronzo, Andrew Lewin, Sanjay Patel, Dacheng Liu, Renee Kaste, Hans J. Woerle, Uli C. Broedl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

200 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of combinations of empagliflozin/linagliptin as second-line therapy in subjects with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled on metformin. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Subjects were randomized to a combination of empagliflozin 25 mg/linagliptin 5mg (n = 137), empagliflozin 10 mg/linagliptin 5mg (n = 136), empagliflozin 25 mg (n = 141), empagliflozin 10 mg (n = 140), or linagliptin 5 mg (n = 132) as add-on to metformin for 52 weeks. The primary end point was change from baseline in HbA1c at week 24. RESULTS At week 24, reductions in HbA1c (mean baseline 7.90-8.02% [62.8-64.1 mmol/mol]) with empagliflozin/linagliptin were superior to those with empagliflozin or linagliptin alone as add-on to metformin; adjusted mean (SE) changes from baseline were 21.19% (0.06) (213.1 mmol/mol [0.7]) with empagliflozin 25 mg/linagliptin 5 mg, 21.08% (0.06) (211.8 mmol/mol [0.7]) with empagliflozin 10 mg/linagliptin 5 mg, 20.62% (0.06) (26.8 mmol/mol [0.7]) with empagliflozin 25 mg, 20.66% (0.06) (27.2 mmol/mol [0.7]) with empagliflozin 10 mg, and 20.70% (0.06) (27.6 mmol/mol [0.7]) with linagliptin 5 mg (P < 0.001 for all comparisons). In these groups, respectively, 61.8, 57.8, 32.6, 28.0, and 36.1% of subjects with baseline HbA1c ≥7% (≥53 mmol/mol) had HbA1c <7% (<53 mmol/mol) at week 24. Efficacy was maintained at week 52. The proportion of subjects with adverse events (AEs) over 52 weeks was similar across treatment arms (68.6-73.0%), with no hypoglycemic AEs requiring assistance. CONCLUSIONS Combinations of empagliflozin/linagliptin as second-line therapy for 52 weeks significantly reduced HbA1c compared with the individual components and were well tolerated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)384-393
Number of pages10
JournalDiabetes care
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Combination of empagliflozin and linagliptin as second-line therapy in subjects with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled on metformin'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this