Collagen and bone viscoelasticity: A dynamic mechanical analysis

Junro Yamashita, Xiaoe Li, Benjamin R. Furman, Henry R Rawls, Xiaodu Wang, C. Mauli Agrawal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of changes in Type I collagen on the viscoelasticity of bone. Bone coupons were heated at either 100 or 200 °C to induce the thermal denaturation of Type I collagen. Half of these specimens were rehydrated after heat treatment; the other half were tested in a dry condition. The degree of denatured collagen (DC%) was analyzed by a selective digestion technique with the use of α-chymotrypsin. Isothermal (37 °C) and variable temperature tests (scans from 35 to 200 °C) were performed with the use of a dynamic mechanical analyzer to evaluate changes in bone viscoelastic properties as a function of collagen damage, specifically, changes in the loss factor (tan δ) and storage modulus (E′) were assessed. Significant collagen denaturation occurred only when bone was heated at 200 °C irrespective of the hydration condition. Also, DC% did not show a significant effect on tan δ. However, higher values of tan δ were observed in wet samples compared to dry specimens. The temperature-scan tests revealed that the hydration condition, but not DC%, significantly affected the behavior of tan δ. However, E′ was not strongly influenced either by DC% or by water content. These results suggest that at a constant frequency the denaturation of collagen triple-helical molecules may have few effects on the viscoelasticity of bone, but moisture may play a prominent role in determining this property.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-36
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research
Volume63
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Fingerprint

Viscoelasticity
Dynamic mechanical analysis
Collagen
Bone
Bone and Bones
Denaturation
Collagen Type I
Hydration
Hot Temperature
Temperature
Chymotrypsin
Water content
Digestion
Moisture
Elastic moduli
Heat treatment
Molecules
Water

Keywords

  • Collagen denaturation
  • Cortical bone
  • Loss tangent
  • Moisture
  • Viscoelasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biomaterials

Cite this

Collagen and bone viscoelasticity : A dynamic mechanical analysis. / Yamashita, Junro; Li, Xiaoe; Furman, Benjamin R.; Rawls, Henry R; Wang, Xiaodu; Mauli Agrawal, C.

In: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, Vol. 63, No. 1, 2002, p. 31-36.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yamashita, J, Li, X, Furman, BR, Rawls, HR, Wang, X & Mauli Agrawal, C 2002, 'Collagen and bone viscoelasticity: A dynamic mechanical analysis', Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 31-36. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbm.10086
Yamashita, Junro ; Li, Xiaoe ; Furman, Benjamin R. ; Rawls, Henry R ; Wang, Xiaodu ; Mauli Agrawal, C. / Collagen and bone viscoelasticity : A dynamic mechanical analysis. In: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. 2002 ; Vol. 63, No. 1. pp. 31-36.
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