Cognitive–Motor Impairment in Manual Tasks in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes

Stacey L. Gorniak, Haley Ray, Beom Chan Lee, Jing Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) experience decline in cognitive function compared with controls. Cognitive function is a major component in the performance of daily activities that involve motor components. The aim of this project was to evaluate working memory cognitive deficits and sensorimotor deficits in adults with T2D versus healthy participants. Ten community-dwelling persons with T2D and 10 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were recruited. Cognitive function, tactile function, motor function, and health state measures were evaluated. Reduced cognitive function, tactile function, and motor function were exhibited in the T2D group. Cognitive and motor functions remained impaired versus controls during tasks with both cognitive and motor components (dual tasks). Health state measures were found to covary with measures of interest. The conclusions of this article are as follows: (a) systemic deficits beyond tactile dysfunction contribute to reduced hand/finger function in T2D, and (b) participants with T2D demonstrate impairments in working memory, tactile function, and motor function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-121
Number of pages9
JournalOTJR Occupation, Participation and Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020


  • activities of daily living
  • aging
  • analysis of variance
  • cognitive impairment
  • diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Occupational Therapy


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