Cognitive screening instruments in neuropsychiatry: A report of the Committee on Research of the American Neuropsychiatric Association

Paul F. Malloy, Jeffrey L. Cummings, C. Edward Coffey, James Duffy, Max Fink, Edward C. Lauterbach, Mark Lovell, Donald Royall, Stephen Salloway

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

120 Scopus citations


A 1994 survey by the Research Committee of the American Neuropsychiatric Association revealed that 58% of respondents employed formal assessment of cognitive status; the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and neuropsychological testing were the commonest techniques. Literature review on common cognitive screening instruments found that the MMSE has widespread popularity, ease of use, and a large body of research demonstrating its sensitivity to common neuropsychiatric disorders. The Committee recommends that clinicians who employ the MMSE 1) use it as a minimum screening for cognitive dysfunction: 2) employ age- and education-normative corrections; and 3) supplement it with specific measures of spatial functions, delayed memory, and executive abilities. The Modified MMSE and the Neurobehavioral Cognitive Status Examination also show promise as screening tools.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-197
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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