Cocaine, d-amphetamine, and pentobarbital effects on responding maintained by food or cocaine in rhesus monkeys

Seymore Herling, David A. Downs, James H. Woods

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


The effects of IM injections of cocaine, d-amphetamine, and pentobarbital were studied in rhesus monkeys whose lever-press responding was maintained under a second-order fixed-interval, fixed ratio schedule of reinforcement. Within each session, fixed-interval components, ending with the IV injection of 30 μg/kg cocaine (one group of monkeys) or the delivery of a 300 mg food pellet (second group of monkeys), alternated with fixed-interval components ending without an injection of cocaine or the delivery of food (extinction). Drug pretreatments generally caused comparable dose-related decreases in the overall rates of responding reinforced either by cocaine or by food. Response rates during extinction usually increased and then decreased as the dose of each drug increased. An analysis of the drug effects on response rates in different temporal segments of the fixed intervals showed that in both the reinforcement and extinction components, the normally low control rates of responding which occurred earlier in the intervals were usually increased, while higher control rates which occurred later in the intervals were increased less or decreased. Thus, the effects of these drugs were relatively independent of the reinforcing event (food or cocaine) and tended to depend more on the ongoing rate of responding under these conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-269
Number of pages9
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1979
Externally publishedYes


  • Cocaine
  • Pentobarbital
  • Rate-dependent
  • Rhesus monkeys
  • Second-order schedules
  • Self-administration
  • d-Amphetamine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology


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