Clonotypic analysis of the antibody response to the acetylcholine receptor in experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis

ReneéM M. Brown, Keith A. Krolick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Autoreactive B cells reactive with the acetylcholine receptor (AChR), and the antibodies produced by them, are proposed to play a primary role in the immunopathology of myasthenia gravis and its animal models. Therefore, the anti-AChR antibody response induced in rats was characterized for the clonotypic heterogeneity, isotype distribution, and affinity by isoelectric focusing (IEF) and affinity immunoblotting. It was determined that the rat anti-AChR serum antibody was relatively heterogeneous, reflecting the oligoclonality of the response. Furthermore, isotypic dominance by IgG2a was observed in that the majority of clonal products detected by IEF were of this isotype in both primary and secondary responses. Lastly, the clonotypic anti-AChR antibodies were of relatively low affinity (avidity) when compared to antibodies reactive with the highly immunogenic protein antigen, keyhole limpet hemocyanin; anti-AChR antibody avidity did not appear to increase when the antibodies in the secondary response were compared to antibodies in the primary response. These antibody characteristics are discussed in terms of their role in disease induction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)205-222
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Neuroimmunology
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1988

Keywords

  • Acetylcholine receptor
  • Autoantibody
  • Isoelectric focusing
  • Myasthenia gravis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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