We examined six clock-drawing task (CDT) scoring systems relative to the Executive Interview (EXIT25, a measure of Executive Control Function [ECF]) and the Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE). Subjects included n = 33 National Institute of Neurological, Communicative Disorders, and Stroke 'probable' Alzheimer's disease (AD) eases and n = 52 independent living controls. AD cases and controls differed on the EXIT25, MMSE, and all CDTs. All CDTs were significantly correlated with the EXIT25 (ranging from r = .56 to r = .78). These associations generally persisted after adjusting for Age, Education, and MMSE scores. In backwards stepwise linear multivariate regression models, only CLOX: An Executive Clock-Drawing Task scores contribute significantly to EXIT25 scores (R2 = .68) and MMSE scores (R2 = .72). Clock drawing draws upon both executive and general cognitive resources. CLOX explains incrementally more variance in ECF than other CDTs.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences|
|State||Published - Sep 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health(social science)
- Sociology and Political Science
- Life-span and Life-course Studies