Clinical and molecular epidemiology of vancomycin-resistant enterococcus faecium during its emergence in a city in southern texas

Francisco Moreno, Patti Grota, Cindy Crisp, Karen Magnon, Gregory P. Melcher, James H. Jorgensen, Jan Evans Patterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

101 Scopus citations

Abstract

During a 19-month period from April 1993 to October 1994, 41 isolates of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREF) were detectedin seven different hospitals in a city in southern Texas. A case-control study to determine the risk factors for acquisition was done in the hospital in which the majority of isolates were detected. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of whole-cell DNA was used to determine strain identity. Thirty-five (85%) of the 41 VREF isolates were of the vanB phenotype. Of these, 32 (91%)of 35 were the same strain by PFGE typing. The same vanB strain was documented in five different hospitals in the city. In contrast, 4 (67%) of 6 of the vanA phenotype VREF isolates were distinct strains by PFGE typing.Significant risk factors for colonization or infection with VREF were prior exposure to antibiotics (P =.04), the previous use of third-generation cephalosporins (P =.03), and the previous use of parenteral vancomycin (P =.002). Infection-control and antibiotic-utilization measures were implemented to control cross-transmission andselection of VREF isolates. During the emergenceof VREF in our city, clonal dissemination of a single strain of vanB VREF among six hospitals was documented. Limited cross-transmission of vanAphenotype VREF isolates occurred, but most vanA VREF isolates were distinct strains selected in individual hospital environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1234-1237
Number of pages4
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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