Clinical and functional correlates of parkinsonism in a population-based sample of individuals aged 75 +: the Pietà study

Thiago Cardoso Vale, Francisco Eduardo Costa Cardoso, Danilo Jorge da Silva, Elisa de Paula Franca Resende, Débora Palma Maia, Mauro César Quintão Cunningham, Henrique Cerqueira Guimarães, João Carlos Barbosa Machado, Antônio Lúcio Teixeira, Paulo Caramelli, Maira Tonidandel Barbosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Parkinsonism is strongly associated with ageing, and many studies have suggested that parkinsonian signs may affect up to half of older adults and is associated with a wide range of adverse health outcomes. We compared clinical and functional characteristics of oldest-old community-dwelling individuals with parkinsonism (parkinsonian group [PG]) to individuals without parkinsonism (non-parkinsonian group [NPG]. Methods: The Pietà study is a population-based study conducted in Caeté, southeast Brazil, involving 607 individuals aged 75 + years submitted to an extensive clinical evaluation. A subset of 65 PG individuals (61.5% women, median age of 82 years) was compared to 542 NPG individuals (64.8% women, median age of 80 years). Results: PG individuals had significantly more functional impairment, clinical comorbidities (including number of falls, loss of bladder control and dysphagia) and major depression. Multivariate analysis revealed that older age, higher UPDRSm scores, lower category fluency test (animals/minute) and delayed recall memory scores were associated with PG. This group was also more cognitively impaired, with lower performance than NPG individuals in the Mini-Mental State Examination, category fluency test (animals/minute), clock drawing and in delayed recall (p < 0.001 for all tests). UPDRSm scores were the most contributing factor to cognition that independently explained variability in functionality of the entire sample. Conclusion: Individuals aged 75 + years with parkinsonism were significantly more clinically and functionally impaired in this population-based sample. Cognitive dysfunction explained most of the loss of functionality in these patients. UPDRS-m scores contributed independently to explain variability in functionality in the whole sample.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number276
JournalBMC Neurology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Dementia
  • Functional decline
  • Parkinsonism
  • Parkinson’s disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology


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