Circulatory assistance with a permanent implantable IABP: Initial human experience

Valluvan Jeevanandam, David Jayakar, Allen S. Anderson, Suzanne Martin, William Piccione, A. L. Heroux, J. Wynne, Larry W. Stephenson, Jack Hsu, Paul S. Freed, Adrian Kantrowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


Purpose - The Kantrowitz Cardio VAD™ (KCV) is an electrically powered, pneumatically driven circulatory assist device which provides diastolic augmentation and systolic unloading to the failing heart. It consists of a 60cc-pumping chamber, a percutaneous access device (PAD), and an external controller. The pumping chamber, is surgically implanted in the descending thoracic aorta with the patient on cardiopulmonary bypass. Its physiologic function is analogous to that of the intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP). Methods - Between 1997 and 2000, 5 men (age 59 to 73) with end-stage cardiomyopathy refractory to maximal drug treatment and with documented hemodynamic improvement on an IABP were enrolled in a feasibility study. Results - Mean bypass time was 157 minute (range 120 to 196 minute); mean cross-clamp time was 101 minute (range 69 to 144). Patient 1 died intra-operatively. Compared with preoperative values, at 1 month, cardiac index increased (1.7 to 2.6 L/min/m2) and there were significant decreases in creatinine (2.6 to 1.5 mg/dL), pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) (32 to 14 mm Hg), and right atrial pressure (RA) (19 to 9 mm Hg). NYHA class improved (IV to II). The mean increase in cardiac index with the KCV OFF to ON was 0.53 L/min/m2 (36%). Two patients were discharged home. The device was used intermittently without thromboembolic complications. The only device related complications were attributed to PAD design and have been corrected. Conclusion - Our initial human trial demonstrates successful implantation of the KCV in end-stage patients, the ability of the device to be used intermittently without anticoagulation, and documents hemodynamic and functional improvement in the status of these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)I183-I188
Issue number13 SUPPL.
StatePublished - Sep 24 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Heart failure
  • Heart-assist device
  • Inotropic agents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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