Chronic kidney disease: A risk factor for cardiovascular disease

Ravinder K. Wali, William L. Henrich

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


The goal of risk stratification of CVD in patients with CKD is to lead to effective and early intervention and to prevent the adverse outcomes associated with this complex multisystem disease that is characteristic of growing number of patients with CKD in the general population and of patients receiving dialysis therapy or kidney transplantation. By 2030, there will be 2.24 million patients with ESRD in the United States, and approximately 1.3 million of these cases of ESRD will be caused by diabetes mellitus. Thus, CVD in this high-risk population presents a challenge for the nephrology and the cardiology community.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)343-362
Number of pages20
JournalCardiology Clinics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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