Chronic kidney damage pathology score for systematic assessment of the non-neoplastic kidney tissue and prediction of post-operative renal function outcomes

Yong Jia, Seyed M.M. Poor, Brenden Dufault, Vivian Lu, Jasmir G. Nayak, Deepak K. Pruthi, Ian W. Gibson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To establish a systematic histological assessment of non-neoplastic kidney (NNK) tissue at the time of nephrectomy to evaluate a patient's risk of developing post-operative renal dysfunction, a combined prospective pathologic assessment of the NNK and a retrospective clinical chart review was conducted. A blinded nephropathologist performed standardized assessment of glomerular sclerosis, tubulointerstitial fibrosis, arteriosclerosis, and hyaline arteriolosclerosis. Combined these formulated the chronic kidney damage pathology score (CKDPS). Multivariate logistic regression models were developed to assess the effect of CKDPS and other clinical factors on renal function up to 24 months following nephrectomy (partial or radical). 156 patients were included in the analysis with a median age of 60 years. 70% patients underwent radical nephrectomy. A history of hypertension and/or diabetes was present in 55.8% and 22.1%, respectively. Higher CKDPS (particularly glomerular global sclerosis and arteriosclerosis scores), radical nephrectomy, and reduced baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were associated with worsening post-operative renal function outcomes. The systematic assessment of non-neoplastic kidney tissue at the time of renal surgery can help identify patients at risk of post-operative renal dysfunction. CKDPS represents a standardized and prognostically relevant histologic reporting system for non-neoplastic kidney tissue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-84
Number of pages9
JournalHuman Pathology
Volume124
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2022

Keywords

  • Chronic kidney damage pathology score (CKDPS)
  • Kidney cancer
  • Nephrectomy
  • Non-neoplastic kidney (NNK)
  • eGFR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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