Chronic angiotensin II infusion attenuates the renal sympathoinhibitory response to acute volume expansion

Lila P. LaGrange, Glenn M. Toney, Vernon S. Bishop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study the hypothesis was tested that chronic infusion of ANG II attenuates acute volume expansion (VE)-induced inhibition of renal sympathetic nerve activity (SNA). Rats received intravenous infusion of either vehicle or ANG II (12 ng·kg-1·min-1) for 7 days. ANG II-infused animals displayed an increased contribution of SNA to the maintenance of mean arterial pressure (MAP) as indicated by ganglionic blockade, which produced a significantly (P < 0.01) greater decrease in MAP (75 ± 3 mmHg) than was observed in vehicle-infused (47 ± 8 mmHg) controls. Rats were then anesthetized, and changes in MAP, mean right atrial pressure (MRAP), heart rate (HR), and renal SNA were recorded in response to right atrial infusion of isotonic saline (20% estimated blood volume in 5 min). Baseline MAP, HR, and hematocrit were not different between groups. Likewise, MAP was unchanged by acute VE in vehicle-infused animals, whereas VE induced a significant bradycardia (P < 0.05) and increase in MRAP (P < 0.05). MAP, MRAP, and HR responses to VE were not statistically different between animals infused with vehicle vs. ANG II. In contrast, VE significantly (P < 0.001) reduced renal SNA by 33.5 ± 8% in vehicle-infused animals but was without effect on renal SNA in those infused chronically with ANG II. Acutely administered losartan (3 mg/kg iv) restored VEinduced inhibition of renal SNA (P < 0.001) in rats chronically infused with ANG II. In contrast, this treatment had no effect in the vehicle-infused group. Therefore, it appears that chronic infusion of ANG II can attenuate VE-induced renal sympathoinhibition through a mechanism requiring AT1 receptor activation. The attenuated sympathoinhibitory response to VE in ANG II-infused animals remained after arterial barodenervation and systemic vasopressin V1 receptor antagonism and appeared to depend on ANG II being chronically increased because ANG II given acutely had no effect on VE-induced renal sympathoinhibition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R1098-R1107
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume284
Issue number4 53-4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2003

Keywords

  • Arterial baroreceptor reflex
  • Body fluid balance
  • Cardiopulmonary reflex
  • Sympathetic nerve activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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