Cholesteryl ester transfer protein polymorphism (TaqIB) associates with risk in postinfarction patients with high C-reactive protein and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels

James P. Corsetti, Dan Ryan, David L. Rainwater, Arthur J. Moss, Wojciech Zareba, Charles E. Sparks

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    35 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Objective: To investigate the roles of inflammation and a cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) polymorphism potentially related to recent findings demonstrating coronary risk with increasing high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level. Methods and results: A novel graphical exploratory data analysis tool allowed the examination of coronary risk in postinfarction patients relating to HDL-C and C-reactive protein levels. Results demonstrated a high-risk subgroup, defined by high HDL-C and C-reactive protein levels, exhibiting larger HDL particles and lower lipoprotein-associated phospholipaseA2 levels than lower-risk patients. Subgroup CETP-associated risk was probed using a functional CETP polymorphism (TaqIB, rs708272). In the high-risk subgroup, multivariable modeling revealed greater risk for B2 allele carriers (less CETP activity) versus B1 homozygotes (hazard ratio, 2.41; 95% CI, 1.04 to 5.60; P=0.04). Within the high-risk subgroup, B2 allele carriers had higher serum amyloid A levels than B1 homozygotes. Evidence also demonstrates that CETP genotypic differences in HDL subfraction distributions regarding non-HDL-C and lipoprotein-associated phospholipaseA2 may potentially relate to impaired HDL remodeling. Conclusion: Postinfarction patients with high HDL-C and C-reactive protein levels demonstrate increased risk for recurrent events. Future studies should aim at characterizing altered HDL particles from such patients and at elucidating the mechanistic details related to inflammation and HDL particle remodeling. Such patients should be considered in drug trials involving an increase in HDL-C level.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1657-1664
    Number of pages8
    JournalArteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
    Volume30
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Aug 2010

    Keywords

    • atherosclerosis
    • cholesteryl ester transfer protein
    • epidemiology
    • inflammation
    • lipoproteins
    • risk factors

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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