Indanyloxyacetic acid-94 (IAA-94), an intracellular chloride channel blocker, is shown to ablate cardioprotection rendered by ischemic preconditioning (IPC), N (6)-2-(4-aminophenyl) ethyladenosine or the PKC activator phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate and cyclosporin A (CsA) in both ex-vivo and in-vivo ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. Thus signifying the role of the IAA-94 sensitive chloride channels in mediating cardio-protection upon IR injury. Although IAA-94 sensitive chloride currents are recorded in cardiac mitoplast, there is still a lack of understanding of the mechanism by which IAA-94 increases myocardial infarction (MI) by IR injury. Mitochondria are the key arbitrators of cell life and death pathways. Both oxidative stress and calcium overload in the mitochondria, elicit pathways resulting in the opening of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) leading to cell death. Therefore, in this study we explored the role of IAA-94 in MI and in maintaining calcium retention capacity (CRC) of cardiac mitochondria after IR. IAA-94 inhibited the CRC of the isolated cardiac mitochondria in a concentration-dependent manner as measured spectrofluorimetrically using calcium green-5 N. Interestingly, IAA-94 did not change the mitochondrial membrane potential. Further, CsA a blocker of mPTP opening could not override the effect of IAA-94. We also showed for the first time that IAA-94 perfusion after ischemic event augments MI by reducing the CRC of mitochondria. To conclude, our results demonstrate that the mechanism of IAA-94 mediated cardio-deleterious effects is via modulating the mitochondria CRC, thereby playing a role in mPTP opening. These findings highlight new pharmacological targets, which can mediate cardioprotection from IR injury.
- Calcium retention capacity
- Chloride intracellular channel proteins
- Myocardial infarction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)