Chimeric enzymes of cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase and neuronal nitric-oxide synthase reductase domain reveal structural and functional differences

Linda J. Roman, Jennifer McLain, Bettie Sue Siler Masters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

The nitric-oxide synthases (NOSs) are comprised of an oxygenase domain and a reductase domain bisected by a calmodulin (CaM) binding region. The NOS reductase domains share ∼60% sequence similarity with the cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase (CYPOR), which transfers electrons to microsomal cytochromes P450. The crystal structure of the neuronal NOS (nNOS) connecting/FAD binding subdomains reveals that the structure of the nNOS-connecting subdomain diverges from that of CYPOR, implying different alignments of the flavins in the two enzymes. We created a series of chimeric enzymes between nNOS and CYPOR in which the FMN binding and the connecting/FAD binding subdomains are swapped. A chimera consisting of the nNOS heme domain and FMN binding subdomain and the CYPOR FAD binding subdomain catalyzed significantly increased rates of cytochrome c reduction in the absence of CaM and of NO synthesis in its presence. Cytochrome c reduction by this chimera was inhibited by CaM. Other chimeras consisting of the nNOS heme domain, the CYPOR FMN binding subdomain, and the nNOS FAD binding subdomain with or without the tail region also catalyzed cytochrome c reduction, were not modulated by CaM, and could not transfer electrons into the heme domain. A chimera consisting of the heme domain of nNOS and the reductase domain of CYPOR reduced cytochrome c and ferricyanide at rates 2-fold higher than that of native CYPOR, suggesting that the presence of the heme domain affected electron transfer through the reductase domain. These data demonstrate that the FMN subdomain of CYPOR cannot effectively substitute for that of nNOS, whereas the FAD subdomains are interchangeable. The differences among these chimeras most likely result from alterations in the alignment of the flavins within each enzyme construct.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25700-25707
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 11 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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