Childhood predictors of daily substance use among homeless women of different ethnicities

Adeline Nyamathi, Douglas Longshore, Colleen Keenan, Janna Lesser, Barbara D. Leake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to describe associations between childhood factors and adult daily substance use profiles among homeless women and to identify independent predictors of daily substance use for the overall sample and for ethnic/acculturation subgroups. Structured surveys were administered to 1,331 homeless women in Los Angeles who were either daily drug and alcohol users for the past 6 months or nondaily substance users. Physical abuse and parental drug abuse predicted daily drug use in the whole sample and selected subgroups, whereas parental alcohol abuse predicted daily alcohol use in the whole sample. Teen self-esteem was also found to have a protective effect on daily alcohol use for the sample and for African American women. Negative peer influence in adolescence predicted daily drug use among high-acculturated Latinas. In summary, childhood abuse, parental substance use, and negative peer influence affect important roles in homeless women's daily substance use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-50
Number of pages16
JournalAmerican Behavioral Scientist
Issue number1
StatePublished - Sep 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

ethnicity
childhood
alcohol
abuse
Alcohols
Substance-Related Disorders
drug use
Acculturation
Los Angeles
drug abuse
acculturation
Drug Users
Hispanic Americans
Self Concept
Pharmaceutical Preparations
African Americans
Alcoholism
self-esteem
adolescence
drug

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

Nyamathi, A., Longshore, D., Keenan, C., Lesser, J., & Leake, B. D. (2001). Childhood predictors of daily substance use among homeless women of different ethnicities. American Behavioral Scientist, (1), 35-50.

Childhood predictors of daily substance use among homeless women of different ethnicities. / Nyamathi, Adeline; Longshore, Douglas; Keenan, Colleen; Lesser, Janna; Leake, Barbara D.

In: American Behavioral Scientist, No. 1, 09.2001, p. 35-50.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nyamathi, A, Longshore, D, Keenan, C, Lesser, J & Leake, BD 2001, 'Childhood predictors of daily substance use among homeless women of different ethnicities', American Behavioral Scientist, no. 1, pp. 35-50.
Nyamathi, Adeline ; Longshore, Douglas ; Keenan, Colleen ; Lesser, Janna ; Leake, Barbara D. / Childhood predictors of daily substance use among homeless women of different ethnicities. In: American Behavioral Scientist. 2001 ; No. 1. pp. 35-50.
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