Child with Diplopia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Congruous eye movements and maintenance of binocular vision requires concordant function of the visual sensory and motor systems, including the gaze centers in the brain, ocular motor nerves, neuromuscular junction, and ocular muscles. Extraocular motility disorders in children can be congenital or acquired. Extraocular motility disorders can present as ocular misalignment, diplopia, amblyopia, nystagmus and can be a manifestation of broad domain of neurological and neurosurgical disorders. This chapter deals with various types of extraocular motility disorders encountered in children. We discuss the potential causes, presenting symptoms, diagnostic work up, and management for each. A comprehensive multidisciplinary involvement of primary care physicians, pediatric physicians, neurologist, and ophthalmologist is required to take care of these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSymptom-Based Approach to Pediatric Neurology
PublisherSpringer Singapore
Number of pages28
ISBN (Electronic)9783031104947
ISBN (Print)9783031104930
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023


  • Childhood ophthalmoplegia
  • Diplopia
  • Nystagmus in children
  • Pediatric extraocular motility disorders
  • Ptosis in children

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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