Chemical, Thermal, and Biological Ocular Exposures

Jordan Spector, William G. Fernandez

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


Chemical or radiant energy injuries to the eyes are considered ocular burns. The majority of these injuries are occupation-related. Chemical burns are by far more common and represent a true emergency. Thermal and UV injuries are associated with severe pain, but often result in less long-term sequelae than chemical injuries do. The term "biologic exposure" refers to an exposure to human blood or other body fluid. This article describes patterns of these injuries and exposures, with particular emphasis on emergent management and including acute diagnostic and treatment considerations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-136
Number of pages12
JournalEmergency Medicine Clinics of North America
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine


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