Chemical and biological characterization of the lipopolysaccharide of the oral pathogen Wolinella recta ATCC 33238

J. Gillespie, S. T. Weintraub, G. G. Wong, S. C. Holt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

To investigate the potential pathogenic mechanisms of the oral periodontopathogen Wolinella recta ATCC 33238, we have isolated its lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and determined the chemical composition and selected in vitro biological activities of the molecule. Sodium desoxycholate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed the W. recta LPS to be an atypical smooth LPS with short O-antigenic side chains. Chemically the LPS consisted of 47.2% lipid A, 19.6% polysaccharide, 9.0% heptose, 8.5% hexosamine, 3.2% phosphate, and 0.6% 2-keto-3-deoxyoctanoate. The major fatty acids were hexadecanoic acid (25.0%), 3-OH tetradecanoic acid (23.8%), tetradecanoic acid (15.4%), 3-OH hexadecanoic acid (11.6%), and octadecenoic acid (10.9%). Rhamnose constituted 87.8% of the carbohydrates generally associated with the O antigen, with smaller amounts of glucose (5.5%), mannose (4.9%), and an unidentified sugar (1.9%). CD-1 and C3H/HeN macrophages (MΦ) exposed to 1 μg of W. recta LPS per ml released 6.0 and 10.5 ng of prostaglandin E per ml of supernatant, representing 625% and 1,306% of prostaglandin E release by the control (without LPS). Maximum prostaglandin E release occurred in CD-1 MΦ exposed to 100 μg of LPS per ml and was equivalent to 1,542% of release by the control. Interleukin-1 (IL-1) activities in CD-1 and C3H/HeN MΦ exposed to 1 μg of LPS per ml were 257% and 1,941% of activities in the control, repsectively. Maximum IL-1 release in CD-1 MΦ occurred in response to 50 μg of LPS per ml and represented a 927% increase over release in the control, while 100 μg of LPS per ml stimulated maximum IL-1 release in C3H/HeN MΦ that was >5,000% of release by the control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2028-2035
Number of pages8
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume56
Issue number8
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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