Characterizing Adverse Events of Biologic Treatment of T2 Disease: A Disproportionality Analysis of the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System

Taylor J. Stack, Sulgi Kim, Meredith M. Lamb, Ibtisam Mohammad, Abdullah Zeatoun, Erin Lopez, Cristine Klatt-Cromwell, Brian D. Thorp, Charles S. Ebert, Brent A. Senior, Adam J. Kimple, Daniel Alicea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Over the last 3 years, the FDA has approved dupilumab, omalizumab, and mepolizumab for the treatment of CRSwNP; however, adverse events of these biologics have not been described in post-marketing surveillance trials. By utilizing the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS), this study describes and compares biologic-associated adverse events in T2 disease. Methods: This case-non-case study assessed disproportionate reporting rates using reporting odds ratios (RORs). RORs and p values for biologic-associated AEs were categorized and compared among dupilumab, omalizumab, and mepolizumab. This analysis included AEs associated with all treatment indications. Relative AE rates and outcomes were calculated. Results: There were a total of 112,560, 24,428, and 18,741 unique AE reports associated with dupilumab, omalizumab, and mepolizumab, respectively. Omalizumab had the strongest association with anaphylaxis (ROR = 20.80, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 18.58, 23.29). Dupilumab had large relative proportions and positive signals in the ophthalmologic category (7.76%, ROR = 6.20, 95% CI: 6.06, 6.35), such as with blurry vision (ROR = 3.80, CI: 3.52, 4.12) and visual impairment (ROR = 1.98, CI: 1.80, 2.19). Dupilumab was the only biologic associated with injection-site reactions (7.98%, ROR = 8.17, 95% CI: 7.98, 8.37). Discussion/Conclusion: This is the first large-scale comparative analysis of the AE profiles of dupilumab, omalizumab, and mepolizumab. Our data suggest possible relations between dupilumab and ophthalmologic and injection-site AEs. Omalizumab was the only biologic with a positive anaphylaxis signal. This FAERS investigation suggests important AE differences among these biologics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-339
Number of pages11
JournalORL
Volume85
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chronic rhinosinusitis
  • Chronic sinusitis
  • Rhinology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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