Analyses of 1163 samples from the San Antonio Family Heart Study revealed several elements of genetic control of lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) concentrations in Mexican Americans. Apolipoprotein(a) (apo(a)) isoform size variation was inversely related to Lp(a) concentrations and explained about 22% of total phenotypic variation. Segregation analyses suggested the existence of a major gene that influenced an additional 41% of total Lp(a) variation. A G → A polymorphism in the LPA promoter was in strong disequilibrium with apo(a) isoform size, but did not contribute a significant amount of additional information about Lp(a) variation. However, about 25% of variation in Lp(a) concentrations was influenced by additive polygenic effects, which include the effects of null phenotype alleles. Altogether, these genetic components explained 89% of Lp(a) variation, similar to heritability estimates made in several other studies. Apo(a) size variation and the major gene (explaining a total of about 62% of Lp(a) variation) were linked to each other and, as expected, to the plasminogen locus. Thus, together with the well-established null phenotype allele, these different genetic factors represent at least three distinct elements of control exerted at the LPA locus, which encodes the apo(a) protein.
- LPA locus
- Mexican Americans
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine