IGF-I regulates renal growth and development. Insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs) are synthesized by the kidney and may modulate the local autocrine and/or paracrine actions of IGF-I. We have previously demonstrated that mesangial cells (MC) release IGF-I and IGF-binding activity; however, the specific IGFBPs produced by these cells and the factors involved in their regulation are unknown. We examined MC for expression of IGFBP-1 to -6 mRNAs and proteins. RNase protection assays using total RNA demonstrated that MC express all of the IGFBPs. [125I]IGF-I Western ligand blot of conditioned medium demonstrated that MC release IGFBPs of 24, 29, 32 kDa, and a doublet at 46 kDa, consistent with IGFBP-4, -5, -2 and -3, respectively. IGFBP species of 28 and 34 kDa were also detected. Since IGF-I and TGF-β are implicated in glomerular hypertrophy and matrix expansion, we tested their effect on IGFBPs released by MC. IGF-I (100 ng/ml), TGF-β (2 ng/ml) and forskolin (10-5 M) differentially regulated the abundance of IGFBPs released in the conditioned medium in a time-dependent manner. IGF-I and TGF-beta were potent inducers of the release of IGFBP3 protein; however, TGF-β, but not IGF-I, increased IGFBP3 mRNA levels. Recombinant IGFBP3 was tested for its effect on IGF-I-induced mitogenesis. IGFBP3 inhibited IGF-I-stimulated DNA synthesis in a dose-dependent manner with a peak effect observed at 50 nM IGFBP3. Although TGF-β is a potent inhibitor of IGF-I-stimulated DNA synthesis, this effect is not mediated via IGFBPs. Expression of IGFBP-1 to -6 by MC suggests that these proteins may modulate IGF-I bioavailability in the glomerulus. IGF-I itself, TGF-β and cAMP agonists may indirectly modulate the effects of IGF-I via the release of IGFBPs by MC.
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