Mycoplasma penetrans is a urogenital tract pathogen implicated in the deterioration of the immune system in human immunodeficiency virus-infected AIDS patients. Here, we describe a 78-kDa protein from M. penetrans, designated MYPE9110, that exhibits sequence similarity to known ADP-ribosyltransferases (ADPRTs) such as Bordetella pertussis pertussis toxin and Mycoplasma pneumoniae community-acquired respiratory distress syndrome toxin. MYPE9110 possesses key amino acid residues found in all ADPRTs that are essential for ADPRT activity. Several mammalian cell proteins are ADP-ribosylated by MYPE9110, and the full-length recombinant protein exhibits a strong auto-ADP-ribosylating activity. In the absence of target proteins, MYPE9110 demonstrates a NAD-glycohydrolase activity by hydrolyzing NAD. Furthermore, this toxin elicits cytopathology in HeLa cells by inducing cytoplasmic vacuolization in the presence of ammonium chloride. The deletion of the C-terminal region of MYPE9110 significantly diminishes its binding to host cells while still exhibiting an ADPRT activity, suggesting that MYPE9110 is a member of the family of A-B ADPRT toxins.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases