Characterization of a stable, reactivatable complex between chaperonin 60 and mitochondrial rhodanese

J. A. Mendoza, M. C. Butler, P. M. Horowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Efficient formation of the cpn60-rhodanese complex can be achieved by mixing unfolded rhodanese with excess cpn60 at low temperature. By employing these conditions, a stable and highly reactivatable complex is formed. The complex is not formed when native enzyme is used. Concentrations of NaCl, as high as 0.75 M, do not have any effect on the formation or disruption of the binary complex. cpn60-bound rhodanese contains an exposed hydrophobic surface, as detected by the binding of the fluorescent reporter, 1- anilinonaphthalene-8-sulfonic acid. The intrinsic fluorescence of cpn60- bound rhodanese reports that the average tryptophan is in an intermediate environment between that found in unfolded and native states. This form of rhodanese has an accessibility to quenching by acrylamide or iodide that is intermediate between the unfolded and native forms of the enzyme. Protease susceptibility studies show that rhodanese bound to cpn60 exhibits a trypsin digestion pattern similar to the native enzyme, although it is more rapidly proteolyzed. The results suggest that the conformation of cpn60-bound rhodanese resembles a native-like conformation, but with increased flexibility. Further, only intact rhodanese or enzyme lacking its N-terminal sequence can interact with cpn60 and form a stable binary complex. The protein fragment corresponding to the rhodanese N-terminal sequence did not form part of a stable complex with cpn60.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24648-24654
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume267
Issue number34
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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