2-Oxo-3-pentynoate has been characterized as an active-site-directed inhibitor of selected flavoprotein oxidases. Tryptophan 2-monooxygenase is irreversibly inactivated in an active-site-directed fashion. The addition of FAD affords no protection from inactivation, whereas the competitive inhibitor indole-3-acetamide fully protects the enzyme from inactivation. The inactivation follows first-order kinetics for at least five half-lives. The rate of inactivation shows saturation kinetics, consistent with the formation of a reversible complex between the alkylating agent and the enzyme before inactivation occurs. Values of 0.017 ± 0.0005 min-1 and 44 ± 7 μM were determined for the limiting rate of inactivation and the apparent dissociation constant for 2-oxo-3-pentynoate, respectively. Tryptic maps of tryptophan 2-monooxygenase treated with 2-oxo-3-pentynoate show that two peptides are alkylated in the absence of indole-3-acetamide but not in its presence. The two peptides were identified by mass spectrometry as residues 333-349 and 503-536. Based upon sequence analysis, cysteine 511 and either cysteine 339 or histidine 338 are the likely sites of modification. In contrast, incubation of D-amino acid oxidase or nitroalkane oxidase with 2- oxo-3-pentynoate results in a loss of 55% or 100%, respectively, of the initial activity. In neither case does a competitive inhibitor affect the rate of inactivation, suggesting that the effect is not due to modification of active-site residues.
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