Characteristics of five human tumor cell lines and sublines resistant to cis‐diamminedichloroplatinum(II)

Beverly A. Teicher, Sylvia A. Holden, Terence S. Herman, Enrique Alvarez Sotomayor, Vrinda Khandekar, Kristina W. Rosbe, Terrence W. Brann, Timothy T. Korbut, Emil Frei Iii

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90 Scopus citations


In order to study the mechanisms responsible for resistance to CDDP, 5 human tumor cell lines were made resistant to CDDP by repeated in vitro exposures. After cloning it was found that the cell lines developed were between 3.3‐fold and 17‐fold more resistant to CDDP than the parental cell lines at the IC90. These lines were also resistant to carboplatin and tetraplatin; however, resistance to tetraplatin was lower than to the other platinum complexes. Sensitivity was also assessed to Adria, MTX, 5‐FU, chlorambucil, 4‐HC, 4‐HIF, BCNU, Thiotepa, HN2, Mito C and L‐PAM, and no consistent cross‐resistance was observed. As compared with the parental lines, non‐protein sulfhydryl content was elevated in 3 resistant lines, and protein sulfhydryl was elevated in all 5 lines, as was glutathione‐S‐transferase activity. Measurements of platinum in whole cells and nuclei after exposure of the cultures to 25 μM CDDP for either 1 or 6 hr showed that nuclear levels reflected those in whole cells and that, per mg protein, platinum levels were lower in resistant cells at both time points. Formation of DNA cross‐links, determined by alkaline elution, was lower in resistant cell lines than in parental cell lines, but did not correlate with the absolute cell kill observed. These results indicate that cellular resistance to CDDP often involves decreases in drug accumulation and increases in protein sulfhydryl content. Possible strategies for overcoming these mechanisms are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)252-260
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 21 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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