Characterisation of a Rho homologue of Schistosoma mansoni

Jon J. Vermeire, Ahmed Osman, Philip T. LoVerde, David L. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

The development and survival of the helminth parasite, Schistosoma mansoni, is dependent on its ability to interpret signals from its environment. Currently, little is known about signal transduction in schistosomes. Rho is a member of a super-family of small GTP-binding proteins. Rho is involved in a number of cell signalling pathways with effects on actin cytoskeleton organisation, gene transcription, cell cycle progression, and membrane trafficking. We have cloned an S. mansoni protein (Rho1) that has 71-75% identity and ∼85% similarity with human Rho A, B, and C proteins. We have optimised expression of recombinant S. mansoni Rho1 protein in Escherichia coli by co-expression with rare tRNAs. Western blot analysis results showed expression of Rho1 protein in adult worm stages especially female worms. In vitro prenylation of recombinant S. mansoni Rho1 determined that, similar to Rho from other organisms, Rho1 is geranynlgeranylated but not farnesylated. A search of the gene database indicates that Rho GTPases exist as a small family in S. mansoni including orthologues of Rho, Cdc42, and Rac. These data suggest that S. mansoni Rho 1 plays a role in signalling in adult worms, especially females.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)721-731
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal for Parasitology
Volume33
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2003

Keywords

  • Cdc42
  • Prenylation
  • Rac
  • Rho
  • Schistosoma mansoni
  • Small GTPase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

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