Changing spectrum of diabetes mellitus in children: Challenges with initial classification

Nedim Cakan, Sarah Kizilbash, Deepak Kamat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Objective. To determine the frequency of initial misclassification of diabetes mellitus (DM) in children and to compare the presenting features of DM1, DM2, and the misclassified cases. Results. A total of 206 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Of them, 74.75% had DM1 and 25.25% had DM2. Ten percent of studied patients had a subsequent change in classification. The mean HbA1c of the DM2 patients, who were initially misclassified, was 13.35% (SD = 1.96). The mean HbA1c of DM2 patients with correct initial classification was 8.83% (SD = 3.01). Diabetes ketoacidosis (DKA) was seen in 59.44% of DM1 and 23.91% of DM2 patients. Of the DM2 patients who were initially misclassified, 58.82% had presented in DKA as opposed to only 6.45% of patients who were correctly classified. Conclusion. The initial classification of DM frequently requires revision (10% in this study). The misclassification is highest among DM2 patients who initially present with higher HbA1c and DKA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)939-944
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Pediatrics
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • challenges
  • classification
  • Diabetes Mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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