Changes in nocturnal pineal indoleamine metabolism in rats treated with parathion are prevented by β-adrenergic antagonist administration

A. M. Attia, M. H. Mostafa, B. A. Richardson, R. J. Reiter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Parathion, an organophosphorous insecticide, was previously shown to enhance the nighttime rise in pineal N-acetyltransferase (NAT) activity and serum melatonin levels. The purpose of the present study was to test whether parathion acts on the pineal gland by means of a β-adrenergic receptor mechanism. Whereas parathion (total dose 6.5 mg/kg body wt over 6 days) by itself significantly augmented nocturnal pineal NAT activity and serum melatonin levels in otherwise untreated rats, the insecticide was ineffective in reference to this enzyme when it was given in conjunction with the β-adrenergic receptor antagonist propranolol (20 mg/kg body wt, l h before lights off). The augmentation of NAT activity by parathion also caused significant reductions in pineal serotonin (5-HT); again, this response was blocked by propranolol treatment. Neither pineal hydroxyindole-O-methyltransferase (HIOMT) activity nor pineal levels of 5-hydroxytryptophan or hydroxyindole acetic acid (5-HIAA) were significantly changed as a result of either parathion or propranolol treatment. The results are consistent with the idea that parathion influences pineal S-HT metabolism either at the level of the β-adrenergic receptor or via the sympathetic innervation to the pineal gland.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-189
Number of pages7
JournalToxicology
Volume97
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 31 1995

Keywords

  • Indolamines
  • Melatonin
  • N-Acetyltransferase activity
  • Parathion
  • Pineal gland
  • β-Adrenergic receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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