Cerebral aneurysms treated with flow-diverting stents: Computational models with intravascular blood flow measurements

M. R. Levitt, P. M. McGah, A. Aliseda, P. D. Mourad, J. D. Nerva, S. S. Vaidya, R. P. Morton, B. V. Ghodke, Louis J. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Computational fluid dynamics modeling is useful in the study of the hemodynamic environment of cerebral aneurysms, but patient-specific measurements of boundary conditions, such as blood flow velocity and pressure, have not been previously applied to the study of flow-diverting stents. We integrated patient-specific intravascular blood flow velocity and pressure measurements into computational models of aneurysms before and after treatment with flow-diverting stents to determine stent effects on aneurysm hemodynamics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood flow velocity and pressure were measured in peri-aneurysmal locations by use of an intravascular dual-sensor pressure and Doppler velocity guidewire before and after flow-diverting stent treatment of 4 unruptured cerebral aneurysms. These measurements defined inflow and outflow boundary conditions for computational models. Intra-aneurysmal flow rates, wall shear stress, and wall shear stress gradient were calculated. RESULTS: Measurements of inflow velocity and outflow pressure were successful in all 4 patients. Computational models incorporating these measurements demonstrated significant reductions in intra-aneurysmal wall shear stress and wall shear stress gradient and a trend in reduced intra-aneurysmal blood flow. CONCLUSIONS: Integration of intravascular dual-sensor guidewire measurements of blood flow velocity and blood pressure provided patient-specific computational models of cerebral aneurysms. Aneurysm treatment with flow-diverting stents reduces blood flow and hemodynamic shear stress in the aneurysm dome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-148
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Cerebral aneurysms treated with flow-diverting stents: Computational models with intravascular blood flow measurements'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Levitt, M. R., McGah, P. M., Aliseda, A., Mourad, P. D., Nerva, J. D., Vaidya, S. S., Morton, R. P., Ghodke, B. V., & Kim, L. J. (2014). Cerebral aneurysms treated with flow-diverting stents: Computational models with intravascular blood flow measurements. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 35(1), 143-148. https://doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A3624